Gabion box consist of rectangular units, fabricated from double twisted hexagonal mesh. When filled with stomes, gabions become large, flexible, permeable. So gabion box widely used for hydraulic and geo-technical control such as retaining walls, sea walls, channel linings, revetments and weirs for earth retention.
In recent years, soil erosion has always been a serious promblem. Gabion box have proved to be a lasting solution around the world. The earliest known use of gabion-type structures was along the Nile River during the era of the Pharaoh for bank protection. In the subsequent 7,000 years since its first use by the Egyptians, the gabion system has evolved from baskets of woven reeds to engineered containers manufactured from wire mesh. The lasting appeal of gabions lies in their inherent flexibility.
Efficiency in gabion structures, rather than decreasing with age, actually increases. During early periods of use, silt and vegetation will collect with the rock fill to form a naturally permanent structure and may be used to remove solid pollutants or "floatables" from the water.
Gabions and mattresses could be purchased as assembled baskets, unassembled panels, or in rollstock form. rollstock may utilized to build continuous gabion structures up to 300 feet in length or mattresses up to 150' in length.
Gabion structures can be built in all circumstances and are particularly suitable especially for landslide control in mountainous countries and in areas with persistently bad ground conditions. Having the good quality of deformability makes them preferable to a concrete wall which would crack and collapse. In addition to the distinct structural advantages over concrete and other non-porous gravity wall structures, the potential to vegetate a standard gabion basket or wire faced wall offers unique landscaping potential as well.